What is digital accessibility?

    Digital accessibility refers to providing web-based information, digital content, applications, and resources that are available and used by everyonekb, including people with disabilities or impairments. Accessible online content provides an equal experience, including those with visual, auditory, physical, speech, cognitive, and neurological disabilities or impairments. Accessibility does not refer to only people with disabilities, but to everyone.

    Making a website accessible can be simple or complex, depending on many factors such as the type of content, the size, technology and complexity of the site, and the development tools and environment.

    Many accessibility features are easily implemented if they are planned and developed from the beginning of development or redesign. Fixing inaccessibls sites may require significant effort, especially sites that were not originally coded properly with standard HTML markup, and sites with certain types of content such as multimedia.

    How do we understand and implement accessibility?

    We know now what’s digital accessibility, but we don’t know how to implement it. Web Accessibility Initiative to the rescue. One of the roles of the Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) is to develop guidelines and techniques that describe accessibility solutions for web software and developers. These WAI guidelines are considered the international standard for Web accessibility.

    What is Web Accessibility Initiative?

    The Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) guidelines are widely regarded as the international standard for web accessibility. WAI provides resources on its website and works by developing support materials to help understand and implement web accessibility and developing resources, through international collaboration.

    Part of the Web Accessibility Initiative is Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) that are part of a series of web accessibility guidelines.

    In 2008, the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) published the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG; pronounced: way-cagg or wuh-cog) to specify how web developers should make content accessible for people with disabilities. The WCAG 2.0 and higher has Success Criteria split between three Levels of Conformance (low to high): A, AA, and AAA, with AAA being the level that makes your content the most accessible.

    The latest version of WCAG is 3.0 and it’s marked as Working Draft of WCAG 3.0.

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